In an Independence Day speech, Narendra Modi Ji pushed people and government agencies to take the first big step on the 2nd of October to make India free from single-use plastic. PM Modi had spoken on 15 August about making India free from the consumption of plastic.
He also announces that a national campaign would begin on 2 October, marking Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birthday. His main goal is to make the country free from plastic waste. The products are likely to prohibit such as plates, cups, glasses, small bottles, straws, and many more.
Bangladesh is the first country that has done plastic ban in the world and it’s the first crucial step taken by the government of India. The environment ministry also imposed a fine on those who violated the rules.
The government also urges the public to reduce the consumption of elastic and motivate to use the jute or cloth bags as much as they can with the main purpose of protecting the environment.
What Research says
According to research, India uses 14 million tonnes of plastic annually. All India Plastic Manufacturers Association (AIPMA) said that the country’s plastic processing industry comprises more than 50,000 units with annual revenue of 3.5 lakh crore in the financial year 2019.
Research says one Indian use 11KG of plastic every year and in India, 10,376 ton are used every day. 2161 tons of elastic products are uses in metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Chennai in every single minute. If the government wants to destroy all polythenes then they can do it but they can’t do it because of avoiding pollution. If the government takes steps to burn the polythenes frequently then it will create pollution and that pollution increases the chances of different ailments.
According to the central pollution control board, India generates 26000 tonnes of plastic waste every day in the financial year 2018 of which 60% was recycle and the rest remain uncollected.
The Government also announces to railway ministers to prohibit single-use plastic in trains. Disposable polythenes that are thrown by the public on roads are aggregate by the national highway authorities and collected polythene is used in the building of roads. However, the implementation of the plastic ban in India has not been successful.
Plastic is made from natural materials such as coal, natural gas, and crude oil. Crude oil is extract from the deeper of the earth. From earth, we get different things like diesel, petrol, crude oil, and many more things.
After getting crude oil from the earth then it goes into the distillation process, where the crude oil is heated in different temperatures with the main purpose of getting different things. Two major substances are include to make plastic named as.
1. Bisphenol(BPA):- A BPA is added to make products clear and hard.
2. Phthalates:- Phthalates are added to make products soft and flexible.
Research says that bisphenol is one of the substances that increases the risk of cancer. If the government gives 100% to free from plastics therefore, you also have to give your support to the government by avoiding the consumption of polythenes.
However, bisphenol is very dangerous for your children, pregnant women or sometimes, it can lead to breast cancer. You don’t need to drink or eat anything which is in an elastic that contains BPA. Every plastic products on the planet contain BPA, BPS, Phthalates, or some other compound that is very harmful to your hormones.
Polythene bags are everywhere in our environment. We use these polythene bags because it is convenient and all these Products are part of our life. Also, these polythene bags are very adverse to your health.
Avoid elastic toys for the cure of children’s health.
If your child has some elastic toys then it will not be good for your children’s health because sometimes your child uses these elastic toys to put in the mouth. Which may increase the chances of disease. It’s good if you store your food in a container of the refrigerator because of the low temperature of the freezer. But, if your bottle is in your room then you don’t need to drink the water from that bottle because of the high temperature of your room. Sometimes, that water may harm your health.
Wikipedia says the government would have taken all the actions to prohibit the sale of lightweight bags. The government of Bangladesh was the first to do so in 2002 imposing a total ban on lightweight plastic bags.
Different Reasons Why the Government should ban plastic bags.
Plastics are very harmful to wildlife
Sometimes, animals and birds consume different materials of plastic by thinking that it is food. But in reality, it is not food it’s polythene. Consumption of that type of polythene increases the chances of death.
Removing elastic from the environment is very difficult.
Removing the elastic bags from the environment is not so easy. Because in India 10,376 tons of ductile is consuming every day. And according to reports, one Indian uses 11KG of plastic every year. Therefore, the government should take a lot of steps to make a plastic ban in India.
Polycarbonate with Bisphenol-A Cause disease
Bisphenol is found in every plastic product. Scientist says that a small dose of bisphenol linked to cancer, obesity, diabetes, and hyperactivity.
Plastic product causes water logging
When plastic enters in sewerage system then, they block the pipes and the drain causing waterlogging.
Some of the effects of BPA exposure.
1. It may increase aggressiveness, impaired learning and sometimes it may cause hyperactivity.
2 BPA increases the size of the prostate and decreases the production of sperm.
3 BPA increases the risk of obesity and fat formation.
4 Sometimes it may damage the brain and make changes in gender-specific behaviour.
Frequently asked questions
Question 1. Which states in India have a ban on plastic?
India has done plastic bans in 18 states including Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan, Goa, Maharashtra, Bengaluru, Jammu Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, and many more. These states also ban the consumption of products like straws, cups, plates, and cutlery. Even there are some states where a plastic ban has been done since 2016 but it remains ineffective in some states.
Question 2. Should India ban plastic bags?
The Government took its crucial decision to ban plastic but the result of that decision is not too effective. People continue to consume these products.
Question 3. When was plastic ban in India?
On 15 August, PM Modi had spoken about making India “free from plastic use” announcing that a national campaign would begin on 2 October, marking the 150th birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, to free the country from elastic waste.
Question 4. What is the impact of plastic bans on your daily life?
The impact of the plastic ban on your daily life was too amazing. And the most important thing is to decrease diseases. People avoid consumption of moldable products and they start to consume jute bags. The prohibition of polythene also makes your environment good.
Question 5. Is a plastic ban possible in India?
Plastic ban in India is not possible because of the population. And is possible in India if everyone follows the rules and regulations set up by the government of India.
So, it’s a humble request to all of you don’t use plastic bags. You have to make a chain in your group that if anyone is doing consumption of food which is inelastic then you have to put fine on them. Most importantly, doing that kind of activity helps our environment and decreases the chances of diseases.